Reasons why Vocational Training is catching up pace in India

The education system in India is highly focused on academic courses that are aimed at preparing students for conventional courses in colleges and universities. Vocational training, which is also known as career and technical education, focuses on learning skills related to a specific vocation or trade. According to government figures, fewer than 5% of India’s 487 million workers have received any formal skills training. In other industrialized countries this figure is closer to 60%. Citing these growing concerns Skill India campaign was launched by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on 15 July 2015 which aims to train over 40 crore people in Indian different skills by 2022.

 Better Employment Opportunity

The term “vocational” means “job-related’. Vocational graduates have better employment opportunities as compared to students studying conventional programs. Vocational Programs are shorter in duration as compared to other conventional courses and are more focussed on skill development.

Practical Skills

Most importantly, vocational training is focussed on practical skills that students can put to use in a job immediately. Vocational training programs typically focus on teaching students how to perform the tasks that would be required of them in the workforce in various fields, such as air conditioner repairing, automobile repair, mobile repair.Some students are able to learn easily through reading, discussion and lecture while others may excel at learning through hands-on training, experimentation and trial and error. There are various researches that prove that vocational training focuses on hands-on activities, which can be beneficial for students that prefer active experiences to more passive activities.


Vocational training programs tend to be less expensive than longer academic educational programs; therefore, they result in considerably less debt and greater freedom with income. In addition, technical colleges often offer programs that prepare students for specific career fields in two years or less, which is a significantly smaller commitment than attending a regular college. Getting into the workforce faster means students can start earning income and saving sooner.

World Wide Acceptability

Many corporations across the globe prefer to have staff trained in specific skill or trade. It has been established through various researches conducted on students trained in hands-on activities those trained through reading, discussion, and lecture that the former have an edge over the latter on understanding and performing the tasks in a better way, thus giving them global acceptance.